Mesopelagic organisms represent the largest unexploited resource left in the world’s oceans, with a recent biomass estimate of around 10 billion metric tons, 10 times larger than previous preliminary estimates.
Nevertheless, our knowledge of the mesopelagic community in terms of biodiversity, the drivers of its biomass, its role in carbon sequestration, and its interactions with the epipelagic community, including commercial fish stocks, has major gaps. The main reason for these knowledge gaps is the lack of methods to observe and sample the relatively small organisms living at depths between 200 and 1000m.
Objectives & Expected results
MEESO will determine the potential of sustainably exploiting the mesopelagic biomass for products included in the human food chain. It is important to assess the long term sustainability of potential extensive exploitation at an early stage to develop appropriate management measures.
MEESO’s implementation of new acoustic and trawling research survey technologies will provide novel estimates of the abundance and spatial distribution of key species, and provide insight into the structure and functioning of this largely unknown part of the marine ecosystems.
Development of new fishing and processing technologies and mapping of contaminant and nutrient content of key species will be used to explore the basis for a viable fishery. New tools for assessment and management will be established. The trade-offs between exploitation and changes in ecosystem service values such as biodiversity and carbon sequestration will be assessed, while identifying options for governance.
HAVFORSKNINGSINSTITUTTET (NO), MARINE INSTITUTE (IE), SINTEF OCEAN (NO), AZTI (ES), Marine and Freshwater Research Institute (IS), WAGENINGEN UNIVERSITY (NL), DANMARKS TEKNISKE UNIVERSITET (DK), UNIVERSITY OF STRATHCLYDE (UK), INTERNATIONAL COUNCIL FOR THE EXPLORATION OF THE SEA (DK), LIEGRUPPEN FISKERI (NO), WORLD MARITIME UNIVERSITY (SE), COLLECTE LOCALISATION SATELLITES (FR), IMAR- INSTITUTO DO MAR (PT), NOFIMA (NO), UNITED KINGDOM RESEARCH AND INNOVATION (UK), TEAGASC – AGRICULTURE AND FOOD DEVELOPMENT AUTHORITY (IE), PELAGIA (NO), BORD IASCAIGH MHARA (IE), EUfishmeal DK
European Commission, Research and Innovation