Measures to minimise impact on resources

In order to minimise the impact of climate change on resources, ecosystems and coastal urban areas, AZTI specialises in:

  • Definition of adaptation criteria and contingency plans to fight against climate change.
  • Monitoring and processing of physical, chemical and biological variables using own or external networks (e.g. tide gauges, remote sensing).
  • Statistical analysis of time series and validation of climate, oceanographic, geomorphological and ecological models (habitat of species, communities, ecosystem).
  • Future scenario simulation: regional scenarios at physical (geomorphological models) and ecological level (coupling of habitat and geomorphological models to climate change); handling of global scenarios (e.g. AOGCM models).
  • Scenario simulation and guidance on climate-ocean regime shift and species migration.
  • Impact and vulnerability assessment and coastal adaptation: urban environment, natural physical environment, ecosystems, species migration, habitat change, marine resources.
  • Effect on goods and services provided by ecosystems and socio-economic cost effectiveness of adaptation.
  • Risk mapping of impacts and vulnerability indicators.
  • Climate change adaptation consultancy (land-use planning, ecosystem conservation).

Climate change impact awareness enables potential actions to be predicted, anticipating the effects of sea level rise (flooding, etc.) in urban areas.

Applicable sectors

  • Public Administrations (city councils, governments, etc.)
  • Fisheries sector
  • Tourist sector
  • Energy sector.


  • Minimise impact of climate change on resources, ecosystems and coastal urban areas.
  • Predict potential actions, anticipating the effects of sea level rise (flooding, etc.) in urban areas.
  • Spatial planning in accordance with future sea level rise, extreme wave projections, ocean warming.
  • Preserve habitats of Community interest, vulnerable species and ecosystems in line with expected sea level rise, estuarine and beach morphodynamic changes, migration of species due to displacement of suitable habitat.
  • Anticipate salinisation and sewerage problems in cities and coastal towns.

At the Uhinak conference, we brought together more than a hundred scientists and managers to address the challenges of climate change.


  • Over 15 years experience (since 2003).
  • Organization of UHINAK, Cross-Border Conference on Climate and Coastal Change.
  • Technologies:
    • Global climate model analysis techniques
    • Species habitat models
    • Multi-habitat models
    • Time series analysis techniques
    • Hydromorphodynamic model for estuaries
    • Flooding models based on sea level rise and variability
    • Remote spatial (satellite) and airborne sensors
    • Geographic Information Systems
    • Community and connectivity analysis techniques
  • Multi-disciplinary work team: physical, chemical and biological oceanography, ecology, socio-economics, genetics, geography, geology

Proven track record

  • Climate change adaptation criteria on the Basque coast due to sea level rise, extreme waves, rainfall.
  • Impact of climate change on the marine ecosystem (primary production) and fish stocks in the Bay of Biscay.
  • Marine and fishery primary production scenarios (FP7-MEECE).
  • Marine plankton projections (FP7-EURO-BASIN).
  • Flood risk assessment of the Oka River, estuaries in Bizkaia, impact on Bidasoa River (Lidar, Inunda and Vulnerhab projects).
  • Study of Basque marine and coastal environment (K-egokitzen and EKLIMA21 projects).
  • Ecosystem and biodiversity vulnerability assessment of European seas (FP7-DEVOTES).
  • Marine spatial planning studies for European marine protected areas (FP7-MESMA).
  • Primary production and environmental status trends in European seas (FP7-WISER).
  • Impact of sea level rise and sea warming in seagrass beds (Zostera noltii).
  • Coastal water monitoring network and environmental status trends for the Basque water quality network.
  • Tide gauge and sea temperature trends through the development of an automatic on-line climate indicator updating process (DECLIM).
  • Members of the MALASPINA expedition: global oceanographic circumnavigation.
  • 7 doctoral theses on climate change.