Measures to minimise impact on resources

In order to reduce emissions and mitigate the effects of Greenhouse Gases (GHGs) and to minimise the impact of climate change on resources, ecosystems and coastal urban areas, AZTI-Tecnalia specialises in:

  • Definition of adaptation criteria and contingency plans to fight against climate change.
  • Monitoring and processing of physical, chemical and biological variables using own or external networks (e.g. tide gauges, remote sensing).
  • Statistical analysis of time series and validation of climate, oceanographic, geomorphological and ecological models (habitat of species, communities, ecosystem).
  • Future scenario simulation: regional scenarios at physical (geomorphological models) and ecological level (coupling of habitat and geomorphological models to climate change); handling of global scenarios (e.g. AOGCM models).
  • Scenario simulation and guidance on climate-ocean regime shift and species migration.
  • Impact and vulnerability assessment and coastal adaptation: urban environment, natural physical environment, ecosystems, species migration, habitat change, marine resources.
  • Effect on goods and services provided by ecosystems and socio-economic cost effectiveness of adaptation.
  • Risk mapping of impacts and vulnerability indicators.
  • Climate change adaptation consultancy (land-use planning, ecosystem conservation).
  • Environmental impact studies for renewables (marine energy).
  • Mitigation (emission reduction) through: improved energy efficiency of the fishing fleet; salt marsh and seagrass bed restoration; use of marine renewables.

Climate change impact awareness enables potential actions to be predicted, anticipating the effects of sea level rise (flooding, etc.) in urban areas.

Applicable sectors

  • Public Administrations (city councils, governments, etc.)
  • Fisheries sector
  • Tourist sector
  • Energy sector.


  • Reduce GHG emissions (mitigation) in accordance with European and international guidelines.
  • Reduce energy consumption in fishing vessels.
  • Minimise impact of climate change on resources, ecosystems and coastal urban areas.
  • Predict potential actions, anticipating the effects of sea level rise (flooding, etc.) in urban areas.
  • Spatial planning in accordance with future sea level rise, extreme wave projections, ocean warming.
  • Preserve habitats of Community interest, vulnerable species and ecosystems in line with expected sea level rise, estuarine and beach morphodynamic changes, migration of species due to displacement of suitable habitat.
  • Anticipate salinisation and sewerage problems in cities and coastal towns.

Over 10 years experience in climate change has enabled AZTI to become a benchmark technology centre in the field.


  • Consultancy on plans to fight against climate change: implementation time, usually between 3-6 months, is defined by the customer
  • Definition of climate change adaptation criteria: between 2-4 years.
  • Delivery formats and means: written reports, publications, mapping (e.g. flood risks), models.


  • Over 10 years experience (since 2003).
  • Technologies:
    • Global climate model analysis techniques
    • Species habitat models
    • Multi-habitat models
    • Time series analysis techniques
    • Hydromorphodynamic model for estuaries
    • Flooding models based on sea level rise and variability
    • Remote spatial (satellite) and airborne sensors
    • Geographic Information Systems
    • Community and connectivity analysis techniques
  • Multi-disciplinary work team: physical, chemical and biological oceanography, ecology, socio-economics, genetics, geography, geology

Proven track record

  • Climate change adaptation criteria on the Basque coast due to sea level rise, extreme waves, rainfall.
  • Impact of climate change on the marine ecosystem (primary production) and fish stocks in the Bay of Biscay.
  • Marine and fishery primary production scenarios (FP7-MEECE).
  • Marine plankton projections (FP7-EURO-BASIN).
  • Flood risk assessment of the Oka River, estuaries in Bizkaia, impact on Bidasoa River (Lidar, Inunda and Vulnerhab projects).
  • Study of Basque marine and coastal environment (K-egokitzen and EKLIMA21 projects).
  • Ecosystem and biodiversity vulnerability assessment of European seas (FP7-DEVOTES).
  • Marine spatial planning studies for European marine protected areas (FP7-MESMA).
  • Primary production and environmental status trends in European seas (FP7-WISER).
  • Impact of sea level rise and sea warming in seagrass beds (Zostera noltii).
  • Coastal water monitoring network and environmental status trends for the Basque water quality network.
  • Tide gauge and sea temperature trends through the development of an automatic on-line climate indicator updating process (DECLIM).
  • Members of the MALASPINA expedition: global oceanographic circumnavigation.
  • 7 doctoral theses on climate change.